On this day in 1945, Nicaragua became the first nation to ratify the United Nations Charter, an international treaty which established the foundations of the United Nations.
The U.N Charter was signed in San Francisco on June 26th, 1945, by 50 of the bloc’s original 51 member states. With the contents of the charter agreed, it was then up to each of these nations to ratify the treaty. By October 24th, all the initial members of the United Nations had ratified the treaty and the U.N was officially born. First to the post in ratifying this momentous document was the Central American republic of Nicaragua.
Despite the concept of the United Nations’ humble beginnings around the Allied negotiating tables during the Second World War, it is now a multilateral political and economic coalition to which the majority of the world’s nations are party to. At the time of writing, the UN has 193 member states, including the five permanent members of the Security Council (the UN’s principal organ): Russia, China, France, the UK and the USA; and, of course, Nicaragua.