On this day in 1909, Joseph McCarthy was born. Elected to the US Senate in 1946, McCarthy’s part in creating the uncontrollable popular paranoia of communist espionage and subversion within the government inspired the term McCarthyism and plays a significant role in the broader Red Scare of the 1950s.
On this day in 1945, Nicaragua became the first nation to ratify the United Nations Charter, an international treaty which established the foundations of the United Nations.
On this day in 1945, Britain held a postwar general election which saw Labour leader Clement Attlee enter 10 Downing Street by the end of the month with his party winning its first ever parliamentary majority.
On this day in 1776, the Second Continental Congress issued the Declaration of Independence, the pretext for the 4th of July celebrations held across the USA every year.
The document effectively formed the United States of America, announcing the sovereignty of the 13 American colonies.
On this day in 1920, the German Republic held its 2nd ever democratic federal election. Set in a time of political instability and economic uncertainty, the election had a profound impact on politics in Weimar Germany and set the pace for the rest of its duration.
On May 21st, 1851, Léon Bourgeois was born – a man who went on to become the 49th Prime Minister of France and the first President of the League of Nations.
On May 20th, 1882, the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Kingdom of Italy was formed. The Triplice ensured mutual support, should a member of the alliance be attacked by another great power.