July 9th

On July 9th 1955 the Russell-Einstein Manifesto was released during a press conference at Caxton Hall, London. In the midst of a Nuclear Arms Race between the USA and USSR, it sought to raise the grave dangers to mankind posed by nuclear weapons and press for peaceful resolutions to Cold War tensions. The first of the international…

July 7th

On July 7th 1953 Argentine revolutionary Dr. Ernesto ‘Che’ Guevara set off on a trip across the countries of South America, culminating in the Cuban Revolution of 1959. This marked another major bask of exploration after he discovered the fraught economic conditions of South America and the injustices of US colonialism during a 5,000 mile motorcycle trip…

July 6th

On this day in 1945, Nicaragua became the first nation to ratify the United Nations Charter, an international treaty which established the foundations of the United Nations.

July 5th

On this day in 1945, Britain held a postwar general election which saw Labour leader Clement Attlee enter 10 Downing Street by the end of the month with his party winning its first ever parliamentary majority.

July 4th

On this day in 1776, the Second Continental Congress issued the Declaration of Independence, the pretext for the 4th of July celebrations held across the USA every year.

The document effectively formed the United States of America, announcing the sovereignty of the 13 American colonies.

July 3rd

On this day in 1988, a passenger plane, Iran Air Flight 655, was shot down by a US warship over Iran’s territorial waters in the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 civilians on board. Allegedly mistaking the plane for an Iranian warplane, the ship’s commander William Rogers III ordered two surface-to-air missiles be launched. This came…

July 2nd

On this day in 1934, Hitler completed his purge of the Sturmabteilung (SA) as part of the Night of the Long Knives with the assassination of Ernst Röhm, appeasing the army and conservatives elites as well as securing his position as Führer.