July 15th

On this day in 1099, Christian forces capture and plunder the City of Jerusalem in the First Crusade. On 7 June, the Crusaders reached Jerusalem, which had been recaptured from the Seljuqs by the Fatimids only the year before. The Crusaders put the city to a siege, in which the crusaders themselves probably suffered more than the citizens of…

July 14th

On this day in 1789, The French Revolution begins with Bastille Day – storming of the Bastille Prison and its fall. The medieval fortress, armory, and political prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the center of Paris. The prison contained just seven inmates at the time of its storming but was a symbol of abuses by…

July 13th

  On this day in 2016, Theresa May is elected Prime Minister by the Conservative Party MPs. After David Cameron’s resignation as Prime Minster, as a reaction to the EU-Referendum Result, as the Party in Government, the Conservatives were tasked with electing a new leader of the Party to become the Prime Minister. Other well-known…

June 8th

On the 8th of June in 1969, General Francisco Franco, Caudillo of Spain, closed the Spanish Frontier with the British isle of Gibraltar. The Spanish-Gibraltar border is a boundary between the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar and Spain, also known as ‘La verja de Gibraltar’ (The fence of Gibraltar) or simply as The Fence.(1) The…

May 30th

On this day in 1949, the East German Constitution is approved. Following WWII, Germany had been divided, with the west being controlled by France, Great Britain and the USA, and the USSR taking control of the east which came to be known as the German Democratic Republic, with it’s capital of East Berlin, with the…

May 29th

On this day in history, Charles II returns from exile in the Netherlands, on his 30th birthday in 1660, to reclaim the throne of England after the end of the Puritan Commonwealth. After his father, Charles I, was executed at the climax of the English Civil War in 1649, though the Scottish Parliament proclaimed Charles…

May 28th

On this day in 1937, Arthur Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Born on the 18th of March 1869, in Heckfield, Hampshire, England, Chamberlain became Prime Minister as leader of the Conservative Party, succeeding the also Conservative Stanley Baldwin who had stood down. Stanley Baldwin Chamberlain is arguably most famed for his…