November 14th

On this day in 1909, Joseph McCarthy was born. Elected to the US Senate in 1946, McCarthy’s part in creating the uncontrollable popular paranoia of communist espionage and subversion within the government inspired the term McCarthyism and plays a significant role in the broader Red Scare of the 1950s.

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July 19th

On this day in 1848, the first women’s rights convention, the Seneca Falls Convention, was held in New York, focusing on “the social, civil, and religious condition and rights” of women. Organised principally by female quakers, they approached prominent female orators like Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott to lead proceedings. Mott, like many others, had…

July 18th

On this day in 1925, Adolf Hitler published the first volume of his seminal piece, Mein Kampf. Entitled A Reckoning, the book outlined Hitler’s upbringing in Austria, increasing anti-Semitism and Darwinian, militaristic worldview. The book also serves to outline Hitler’s personal disdain for the other ‘world evil’ – communism – and his commitment to overthrowing German…

July 5th

On this day in 1945, Britain held a postwar general election which saw Labour leader Clement Attlee enter 10 Downing Street by the end of the month with his party winning its first ever parliamentary majority.

July 3rd

On this day in 1988, a passenger plane, Iran Air Flight 655, was shot down by a US warship over Iran’s territorial waters in the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 civilians on board. Allegedly mistaking the plane for an Iranian warplane, the ship’s commander William Rogers III ordered two surface-to-air missiles be launched. This came…

July 2nd

On this day in 1934, Hitler completed his purge of the Sturmabteilung (SA) as part of the Night of the Long Knives with the assassination of Ernst Röhm, appeasing the army and conservatives elites as well as securing his position as Führer.

July 1st

July 1st, 1916, marked the first day of the 4 month Battle of the Somme and saw the worst losses in the history of the British Army, with over 57,000 casualties and nearly 20,000 deaths. The first day of the battle saw some successes, with the French forces pushing the German Second Army back considerably.…