July 18th

On this day in 1925, Adolf Hitler published the first volume of his seminal piece, Mein Kampf. Entitled A Reckoning, the book outlined Hitler’s upbringing in Austria, increasing anti-Semitism and Darwinian, militaristic worldview. The book also serves to outline Hitler’s personal disdain for the other ‘world evil’ – communism – and his commitment to overthrowing German…

July 6th

On this day in 1945, Nicaragua became the first nation to ratify the United Nations Charter, an international treaty which established the foundations of the United Nations.

July 4th

On this day in 1776, the Second Continental Congress issued the Declaration of Independence, the pretext for the 4th of July celebrations held across the USA every year.

The document effectively formed the United States of America, announcing the sovereignty of the 13 American colonies.

July 3rd

On this day in 1988, a passenger plane, Iran Air Flight 655, was shot down by a US warship over Iran’s territorial waters in the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 civilians on board. Allegedly mistaking the plane for an Iranian warplane, the ship’s commander William Rogers III ordered two surface-to-air missiles be launched. This came…

July 1st

July 1st, 1916, marked the first day of the 4 month Battle of the Somme and saw the worst losses in the history of the British Army, with over 57,000 casualties and nearly 20,000 deaths. The first day of the battle saw some successes, with the French forces pushing the German Second Army back considerably.…

May 27th

On This Day in 1960, the Turkish President, Celâl Bayar, was removed from office by a military coup. He was the first Turkish leader to be removed from office, but would be far from the country’s last.

May 21st

On May 21st, 1851, Léon Bourgeois was born – a man who went on to become the 49th Prime Minister of France and the first President of the League of Nations.